While rackmount server computer systems may seem too technical for the average person, its concept is much simpler than it seems. For instance, the term 1U server rack mounts means that the rack accommodates servers that are 1.75 inches high. Rack-mountable computer server measurements are in increments of 1.75 inches, and it is based on industry standards set by the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA). Therefore, 2U racks are for computer servers that are 3.5 inches high, 3U racks are for 5.25 servers and so on. This particular alphanumeric terminology in server computers seems quite simple enough. This tech guide will further explain what rack mounting computer servers are and how they work.

Rackmount Server Computers

Rackmount server computers are exactly what the term says: they are computers that are mounted on a rack. Unlike traditional desktop computers, rack-mountable computer servers have specialized enclosures that allow them to be mounted in a steel framework called a “rack.’ The rack has several mounting slots called “bays,” which come in the “U” height increments mentioned earlier. The standard widths for rack frames are 19 and 23 inches.

Racks have a standard height of 42U, which means that it can accommodate up to 24 1U devices or less with larger bays. The four-post cabinet rack is the most common type of mounting rack. Other rack types include two-post relay racks and ATA road case racks and fiberglass reinforced plastic case racks ― both of which are portable rack cases. Apart from server computers, the other network devices may also be mounted on the racks such as routers, relays and switches.

How Rackmount Server Computers Work

Rackmount server computers are stacked one on top of the other in the bays on the rack framework. Since computers can generate a lot of heat, the rack needs to be in a special room where the temperature is kept low to keep the computers cool to ensure that they are running efficiently. Computer peripherals such as the monitor, keyboard and mouse connect to the server computers via cables that run through the walls, ceilings or the floor. These special rooms for the server computers are sometimes called “data centers.”

Benefits of Rack Mounting Server Computers

Having the server computers in a rack in a special room gives them protection from the usual office traffic where they can be accidentally toppled over. Some of the most important components of the computer, such as hard drives are very sensitive to impact, which can result in critical damage to the hardware. The rooms can also cool the computers more efficiently compared to an office setting where its vents can be blocked by cubicle walls or desk clutter.

Rack-mounted server computers are also easier to maintain and service. Information technology personnel can service the computers in the data center without interrupting the flow of work in the office. Having the racks in the special room will also prevent unauthorized employees from fiddling with the computers. The temperature-controlled environment, coupled with the ease of maintenance will undoubtedly extend the service life of the server computers.

There are other benefits of rack mounting server computers to consider, and these include better power management and a more organized office space. Many businesses can benefit from rack mounting their computer and network devices. While setting it up may have an upfront cost, the benefits will help the businesses recoup their investment in no time.