Researchers and futurists have divided opinions on whether robots will become a real threat to many professionals in the future. Some of them believe that this can not happen in principle, while others agree on the idea that there are a number of professions in which robots can replace a person in the coming decades.
In 2013, scientists from Oxford University conducted one interesting study on this topic. For each job, from the list of occupations with minimum requirements, three indicators were defined: orientation in the surrounding world, creativity, and intelligence. As a result, all professions were divided into two categories: those with a probability of more than 80% can be successfully replaced by Artificial Intelligence and those that certainly will not be able to master the machines. The second category includes the profession of a scientist, engineer, actor, leader, teacher, doctor, and social worker.
The lawyer was placed into the first category.
Lawyers cause ambiguous attitude in most people. They perform a function that can play both a positive and a negative role in the life of any person. But regardless of the personal attitude of any of us to legal activities, after a couple of decades, they may be unemployed. At least. It is a point of view of the British experts working in the legal company Jomati. The British believe that by 2030 the activity of any advocate can be replaced by the work of specialized lawyer technology.
Technologies are developing quite rapidly in the modern world
For employers, this trend can become attractive, because robots will not demand compensation, wage increases, benefits or holidays. With the advent of legal programs that provided constant access to automatically updated information, the image of a typical practicing lawyer disappeared. Robot lawyers are excellent at coping with laws and searching for the necessary sources. With this in mind, a pair of computer lawyers can replace a whole team of ordinary specialists.
Routine legal work on drafting documents for the company and other basic operations has long been automated that it can be carried out by people without special legal knowledge. And sometimes not even by people at all: one of the popular mobile applications in the USA will allow appealing an unlawful fine for parking, for which the user only needs to enter vehicle data and the number of the penalty slip. And officials in a manual mode satisfy almost half of these complaints prepared by the program. On the other hand, special difficulties can arise at the replacement of the highly professional attorneys, engaged in the decision of difficult problems. But, most of them such as preparing for litigation or analyzing documents on an M&A transaction, is already done by the specialized software (Discovery Cracker, IBM-Watson, etc.). In the near future, law firms will have a couple of robots and only a few employees who receive a salary. This is completely justified and realistic.
Bots-lawyers have already win deals for millions of dollars!
The DoNotPay, a robot lawyer, created by the 19-year-old student at Stanford University, successfully protects the wallets of a huge number of British and US citizens. His job is to help car owners to challenge the fines they issued because of improper parking. In just 21 months, more than 250,000 people applied to an automated lawyer, 160,000 of whom avoided sanctions. The robot works according to the following principle: it asks the user a series of questions, and when the information is sufficient,and there are legitimate grounds for appeal, it generates the text for the corresponding complaint. It is able to cope with a number of life situations including unjust fines for parking, insurance payments, cancellations of flights or trains. In total, DoNotPaycan help in 1000 different branches of law. Many “living” advocates could not cope with such tasks as he did. By the way, the inventor of artificial intelligence allows everyone to exploit his “offspring” for free.
One of the future lawyers, created by IBM, found a job at the Baker & Hostetler Law Office. A robot named Ross helps other employees to conduct bankruptcy cases. Thanks to the artificial intelligence called Watson, a smart machine can recognize questions and find answers to them, back them up with quotes from UK essay service. In addition, Ross is connected to a database of legal proceedings, which is constantly updated. By the way, Ross is the only robot in the company of 50 people, but if it continues to demonstrate its effectiveness, it would be able to replace other employees.
Be aware, do not send the children to law schools!
Otherwise, will lawyers be replaced by computers?According to the changes in the world of modern technologies, the question is not about will the creatures of modern technologies replace the legal representatives, but when they do it. Classical lawyers, of course, will remain. Simply, like private tailors, they will become almost invisible in the market. If you are visited by the idea of hiring a lawyer, check whether there is already a technological solution to your question. After all, the future has already come, one has only to see it.